Continuity of Operations Planning (COOP), refers to the internal efforts state agencies must take to assure that the capability exists to continue essential functions in response to a broad spectrum of emergencies or operational interruptions.

COOP planning is an ongoing process that is driven in part by growth and change in information systems, personnel and mission critical needs. Operational interruptions may include routine business renovation or maintenance; mechanical failure of heating or other building systems; fire; inclement weather or other acts of nature; or a range of threatened or actual attacks. Other events that may interrupt departmental activity include failure of information technology (IT) systems and telecommunications due to malfunction or cyber attack.